Improvement Permit

An Improvement Permit is issued after the Environmental Health Specialist has determined that the site is suitable and that a system can be installed to meet the provisions of the Laws and Rules for Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems. Information on the Improvement Permit includes:
  • A diagram representing the location of the initial system and reserve area with dimensions and setbacks to fixed reference points
  • Locations of existing and proposed well(s) and applicable water lines
  • Location and description of the facilities, structures, driveways, and other proposed improvements
  • The proposed initial and reserve system types including permit conditions and site modifications
Other Permit Conditions
Other conditions included on an Improvement Permit may include submittal of plans and specifications, or legal agreements or easements. The Improvement Permit is valid for 60 months from the date of issue or indefinitely when a plat is provided. Improvement Permits are subject to revocation if the intended use changes, the site and soil conditions are altered, the design wastewater flow changes, or the wastewater characteristics are increased. Building permits can not be obtained with the Improvement Permit.

Denial of Improvement Permit
When an application for a wastewater system permit is denied, a letter is issued advising the applicant of the reasons for the unsuitable classification. The Environmental Health Specialist must include consideration of possible site modifications, and modified, experimental, innovative, accepted systems, components or devices, or alternative systems prior to denying the site.

The applicant is offered any options that may be available for reclassification of the site. In addition the applicant may request, in writing, an informal review by the Environmental Health Program Specialist and also by the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources Regional Soil Specialist.

A formal appeal for a contested case hearing requires that a petition be filed with the Office of Administrative Hearings (OAH) within 30 days of the date of the denial letter. More information on appeals may be found at the OAH website.